“Nothing in life is to be feared—it is only to be understood.” —Marie Curie
Marie Curie (1867-1934) is considered one of greatest scientists of all time. Her research opened the gates to modern science as we know it. Raised in Russian-occupied Poland, she was not allowed to study with the men in the Polish Universities, but after moving to Paris, she became the first woman to earn a physics degree from the Sorbonne—then the first woman to teach there. She was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize (Physics in 1903) and the first person to win the award in two different fields (Chemistry in 1911). She discovered the element radium, establishing the development of X-rays as well as radioactive therapies for Cancer. She founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and in Warsaw, which remain major centers of medical research today.